Japan signs chip development deal with India: Impact and future implications
Japan is the second Quad partner after the United States to sign such an agreement with India
Japan and India signed a memorandum of cooperation on July 21, 2023, for the joint development of semiconductors, which includes semiconductor design, manufacturing, equipment research, talent development, and to bring resilience in the semiconductor supply chain.
The agreement was signed between Union Minister for Electronics and IT Ashwini Vaishnaw and Japan's Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Yasutoshi Nishimura in New Delhi. This agreement makes Japan the second Quad partner after the United States to sign an agreement with India for the joint development of the semiconductor ecosystem and maintain the resilience of its global supply chain.
The signing of this memorandum is another indication of how global businesses are reconfiguring post-pandemic supply chains as China loses its allure for foreign companies. The importance of the semiconductor industry cannot be understated, as it plays a crucial role in various technologies and sectors such as electronics, telecommunications, and automotive. With the rapid advancements in technology, the demand for semiconductors is only expected to grow, making it imperative for countries to strengthen their independent capabilities in this field. The deal will help India to develop its own semiconductor ecosystem whilst leveraging Japan's expertise and experience in the field
The memorandum encompasses a broad spectrum of critical aspects related to semiconductors, such as design, manufacturing, equipment research, talent development, and ensuring supply chain resilience. To facilitate effective collaboration, the involved nations will establish an "implementation organization," focusing on both government-to-government and industry-to-industry cooperation.
This strategic partnership chases a few aims; collectively; to bolster the semiconductor industry's capabilities, foster innovation, and address potential challenges., The nations plan on reinforcing their positions in the global semiconductor market by pooling resources, expertise, and knowledge.. The memorandum signifies a concerted effort to advance technology and build a robust foundation for future developments.
"Japan and India have signed a memorandum for semiconductor design, manufacturing, equipment research, talent development and to bring resilience in the semiconductor supply chain," Vaishnaw later said at a press conference. The nations will create an "implementation organization" that will work on government-to-government and industry-to-industry cooperation, Vaishnaw added. Nishimura said after his meeting with Vaishnaw that "India has excellent human resources" in fields such as semiconductor design. "By capitalizing on each other's strengths, we want to push forward with concrete projects as early as possible," Nishimura noted.
"India and Japan signed a Memorandum of Cooperation for developing semiconductor ecosystem in line with PM @narendramodi Ji’s vision for #MakeInIndia," Vaishnaw said on Twitter. "After PM @narendramodi Ji’s state visit to the US, in which major announcements were made for joint development of technology, the trust in India is increasing. Many more countries want to develop technology with India," he added.
"Great to witness the signing of Memorandum of Cooperation on Semiconductor Supply Chain Partnership!! This will enable Japan-India to leverage complementary strengths for mutual benefit," Japanese Ambassador to India Hiroshi Suzuki tweeted.
The collaboration will provide valuable opportunities for talent development in the semiconductor field. The signing of this memorandum is a step towards creating a resilient and complete value chain in the semiconductor industry. This partnership visualizes to meet the growing domestic demand for semiconductors but also to become global leaders in the field.
So far, China has been a major player in the semiconductor industry but the recent export restrictions imposed by Japan and other countries have been a cause of concern for the country. The signing of this memorandum is expected to further reduce China's dominance in the semiconductor industry
Japan and India are part of the Quad security framework, along with the United States and Australia, which aims to counter China's growing influence in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond. The agreement came as Japan aims to deepen partnerships with allies and like-minded nations to develop more resilient supply chains for critical products and materials, including chips, batteries, and minerals, in light of the heightened geopolitical and economic security challenges posed by China and Russia.
This latest collaboration will provide valuable opportunities for talent development in the semiconductor field and help India to develop its own semiconductor ecosystem.