India develops indigenous climate model to predict impact of climate change on monsoon
The model is a state-of-the-art climate model with components of atmosphere, ocean including deep ocean circulation
India has developed an indigenous climate model to predict the impact of climate change on monsoon in the country, said Union Minister of State for Science and Technology, Jitendra Singh in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday.
“A state-of-the-art Earth System Model (ESM) has been developed at the Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES),” Singh said.
“The model development was done by the scientists at IITM Pune in collaboration with the international research community,” he added.
The Minister claimed that the model is a state-of-the-art climate model with components of atmosphere, ocean including deep ocean circulation, Arctic and Antarctic sea-ice and ocean biogeochemistry.
He stated that this Earth System Model, known as the IITM-ESM, is the first climate model from South Asia that has contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) sixth assessment report (AR6) and participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project –Phase 6 (CMIP6) experiments.
“The IITM-ESM has capabilities to address key questions concerning the science of climate change, including reliable projections of the global and regional climate, Indian monsoon, hydrological cycle, sea-level changes, tropical ocean-atmosphere processes in a changing climate,” Singh informed the Rajya Sabha.